Question: What are ways to monitor algae blooms?

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stevie asked on August 14, 2018 15:44
134 | 3 answers | #16930


I was in conversation with a fisherfolk group in Mississippi yesterday who is interested in monitoring algae blooms. Keeping an eye on the troubling situation happening in Florida right now, I've started thinking more about this.

We did an activity a couple months back to see if we could see an algae bloom in Lake Pontchartrain using the Public Lab Near Infrared cameras, but we missed the bloom and couldn't see it. Anyone have thoughts on if the NIR camera would work for this or ideas for other ways to monitor blooms?



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The intense red tide blooms (Karenia brevis) in the Gulf of Mexico are easy to detect with normal color photography because they are red (top image). The green algal blooms (lower image) are also easy to detect when they are intense.

redtide.PNG

greentide.jpg

Detecting these blooms is not so easy when they are less intense, when the water is muddy, when more than one species is present, or in shallow water where the bottom reflectance alters the color. The link provided by @MaggPi suggests that an NDVI-like index based on the difference between reflectance at 662 nm and at 680 nm is effective for detecting red tide. Expensive narrow-pass filters and a two-camera system would be required to capture these photos yourself. Satellites take images at these wavelengths every day.

A DIY single-camera NDVI system could probably highlight intense blooms in clear water. To detect red tide, which reflects lots of red light because the dinoflagellates use more blue light for photosynthesis, a blue filter might work better (these cameras use blue light to represent the color of light absorbed by plants for photosynthesis). To detect a green algal bloom, a red filter might work better because red light is used by those cameras to represent the color of light absorbed by the plants.

Chris

Too bad the editor for Answers is still not working.


Some algal blossoms are simply a eyesore, however others fall into a more genuine Write My Essay class called " harmful algal blooms” (HABs) algae and cyanobacteria (some time ago known as blue green algae) that expel oxygen from the water.


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3 Answers

The intense red tide blooms (Karenia brevis) in the Gulf of Mexico are easy to detect with normal color photography because they are red (top image). The green algal blooms (lower image) are also easy to detect when they are intense.

redtide.PNG

greentide.jpg

Detecting these blooms is not so easy when they are less intense, when the water is muddy, when more than one species is present, or in shallow water where the bottom reflectance alters the color. The link provided by @MaggPi suggests that an NDVI-like index based on the difference between reflectance at 662 nm and at 680 nm is effective for detecting red tide. Expensive narrow-pass filters and a two-camera system would be required to capture these photos yourself. Satellites take images at these wavelengths every day.

A DIY single-camera NDVI system could probably highlight intense blooms in clear water. To detect red tide, which reflects lots of red light because the dinoflagellates use more blue light for photosynthesis, a blue filter might work better (these cameras use blue light to represent the color of light absorbed by plants for photosynthesis). To detect a green algal bloom, a red filter might work better because red light is used by those cameras to represent the color of light absorbed by the plants.

Chris

Too bad the editor for Answers is still not working.


Thanks for the answer. One of the problems I think we'd run into in Louisiana is that the water is pretty muddy there (the Muddy Mississip!!). This is one of the RGB maps @tmclean1 did when we tried to catch the bloom in Lake Pontchartrain

https://publiclab.org/notes/tmclean1/05-12-2018/mapknitter-map-of-fontainebleau-state-park-balloon-rbg

Chris on the editor -- Ah! I promoted your comment to an answer and it looks like the images were lost when I did that. Sorry! Reporting that has a bug now. Can you edit it in this format? (I see an edit button on the box here for me, and sorry you probbaly got 4 emails about my comment here- I have a terrible internet connection and didn't see it go through, soo I posted it 4 times. Oops! Delete! Delete! )

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The intense red tide blooms (Karenia brevis) in the Gulf of Mexico are easy to detect with normal color photography because they are red (top image). The green algal blooms (lower image) are also easy to detect when they are intense.

redtide.PNG

greentide.jpg

Detecting these blooms is not so easy when they are less intense, when the water is muddy, when more than one species is present, or in shallow water where the bottom reflectance alters the color. The link provided by @MaggPi suggests that an NDVI-like index based on the difference between reflectance at 662 nm and at 680 nm is effective for detecting red tide. Expensive narrow-pass filters and a two-camera system would be required to capture these photos yourself. Satellites take images at these wavelengths every day.

A DIY single-camera NDVI system could probably highlight intense blooms in clear water. To detect red tide, which reflects lots of red light because the dinoflagellates use more blue light for photosynthesis, a blue filter might work better (these cameras use blue light to represent the color of light absorbed by plants for photosynthesis). To detect a green algal bloom, a red filter might work better because red light is used by those cameras to represent the color of light absorbed by the plants.

Chris

Too bad the editor for Answers is still not working.


The intense red tide blooms (Karenia brevis) in the Gulf of Mexico are easy to detect with normal color photography because they are red (top image). The green algal blooms (lower image) are also easy to detect when they are intense.

redtide.PNG

greentide.jpg

Detecting these blooms is not so easy when they are less intense, when the water is muddy, when more than one species is present, or in shallow water where the bottom reflectance alters the color. The link provided by @MaggPi suggests that an NDVI-like index based on the difference between reflectance at 662 nm and at 680 nm is effective for detecting red tide. Expensive narrow-pass filters and a two-camera system would be required to capture these photos yourself. Satellites take images at these wavelengths every day.

A DIY single-camera NDVI system could probably highlight intense blooms in clear water. To detect red tide, which reflects lots of red light because the dinoflagellates use more blue light for photosynthesis, a blue filter might work better (these cameras use blue light to represent the color of light absorbed by plants for photosynthesis). To detect a green algal bloom, a red filter might work better because red light is used by those cameras to represent the color of light absorbed by the plants.

Chris

Too bad the editor for Answers is still not working.


Stevie,
The image code is still embedded in the version of my comment you promoted to an Answer. So I just copied the markdown into another comment. The Answer editor is not parsing the embedded stuff properly and won't allow inserting images.

Chris


This was fixed by @gauravano and is now live!


This was fixed by @gauravano and is now live!


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Not sure if all algae blooms have the same red color but it looks like the ones in Florida peak at 700nm. See: https://hyspiri.jpl.nasa.gov/downloads/2016_Symposium/poster/1_Amin_HyspIRI_Symposium_2016_Poster_Ruhul.pdf An IR camera image would probably be washed out from the infrared in the sunlight. One experiment would be to remove the standard IR blocking filter in a color camera and replace with a filter that covers the deep red range to 720nm.

Filter would look something like:

https://www.semrock.com/FilterDetails.aspx?id=FF01-745/SP-25


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There is a service I heard about on a TED talk at www.planet.com. Apparently they are using satellites to take daily pictures of the earth for comparison. There is also an API on there that you might be able to use for coding a system to compare the results from the daily photos. I don't know to much about that but this might be a place to start. Good luck.


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