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Question:Is this product applicable in real-time on a robot to identify dandelions?

rohanpaleja27 asked on November 28, 2016 19:47
306 | 2 answers | shortlink


What I want to do or know

I would like this spectrometer to be on a ground vehicle to identify dandelions. I was wondering if this will be applicable outside, say in a backyard? It would need the capability to identify a dandelion vs. a leaf and then a specified task would be performed. Please let me know if you require any extra information. I am currently a senior at Rutgers University.

Background story

This is a capstone project for our senior mechanical engineering group. We are currently looking for an object that can accurately identify plants.



spectrometry tool

question:general


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2 Answers

Depending on your goal, a spectrometer might not be needed to locate dandelion flowers. They are dramatically distinct from green leaves in the visible spectrum, so a consumer camera might be all you need. It should be straightforward for an image analysis routine to determine which part of the image below is dandelion flower.

112-Dandelion-Leaves.jpeg

A digital camera is a blunt spectrometer with three color channels, so using just one channel could make the routine even simpler. Below is the red channel of the photo above.

112-Dandelion-red.jpg

The red channel might also allow you to distinguish dandelion flowers from fruits.

main_dandelion_red.jpg

To do the best job of distinguishing yellow flowers from other things (like white flowers), all three channels can be used to identify yellow. Any webcam or Raspberry Pi camera could be used for the sensor.

If the task your robot will do is to spray glyphosate on each plant, please reconsider.

Chris


rohanpaleja27 10 months ago

Thank you, we would also like to take it to applications where we would differentiate between two green plants. Would a spectrometer be able to do this?

cfastie 10 months ago

Many plant species have leaves with broadly similar spectral reflection properties. So depending on the species it might be a challenge to distinguish plant species by the color of the leaves. The difference among species will likely be smaller than the variability due to sun angle, leaf angle, surface moisture, leaf age, and leaf health.

Leaf shape is a better taxonomic indicator, and there are not many plants with leaves shaped like dandelion leaves. But determining the leaf shape of an individual leaf in a lawn might be very hard if all you have is a digital image. That could be a challenging image analysis task.

Chris

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I don't know if it's helpful, but the folks in the #webvalley project used an exposure-controlled version of the DIY spectrometry kit to compare raspberries for ripeness, and were able to do very well-controlled comparisons, though under a very controlled light source.


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