I'd appreciate learning what in the document you referenced indicates to you that the PM10 is "biased rather high". Thanks
Hi @Cbarnes9 thanks for sharing out the questions! I'm also curious where you're referencing the field test for PM10 to be biased high? Is it in that AQMD doc? I'm not seeing it. Can you copy paste of screenshot in where you're seeing that?
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The field evaluation report linked above includes 78 graphs comparing the results of a Purple Air sensor with a $25k GRIMM optical particle counter. Every one of those graphs indicates that the Purple Air sensor produces a higher reading than the GRIMM reference sensor. A example is below. Fortunately, the regression equations for each comparison are presented, so these can be used to adjust the readings of a Purple Air sensor to more accurate values.
@cfastie is certainly correct in his comments that each of the purple air devices reads, in general, higher than the Grimm. (Almost all slopes (coefficients of the "x" variable) in the regression equations are less than one. But @Cbarnes9 question specifically refers to PM10 and the SCAQMD specifically calls the PM1 and PM2.5 data "quite accurate" while not using the same description for the PM10 data.
In addition because @Cbarnes9 categorizes the PM10 bias as "so high" I would assume that he/she considers the "amount" of bias for PM10 as considerably different than that for the other sizes. To help answer the original question I would think one needs to understand why.
Hello everyone, sorry for the late replies; I am posting the field study results from AQMD that I was referencing. Their tests indicate that the PM10 R2 values in reference to the FEM BAM and FEM GRIMM are only about .6 - .75, being biased high on the low concentration end, and low on the high concentration end. I have done some more research and I believe that it is due to the application of the MIE scattering principle being used. 640nm (which is the wavelength of the lasers on the PurpleAir) is only about 6% of the size of a PM10 particle. That being said, with it so much smaller than PM10, MIE scattering isn't necessarily the best scatter method to use for accurate particle measurement.