This page will sum-up as much information as possible on the subject of ultraviolet or UV/visible spectrometry. It will concentrate on the task of improving the methods to collect data in the 350 - 400nm and possibly below 350nm wavelengths, cameras and gratings permitting
CMOS camera sensors
some data shows that rear- or back-illuminated CMOS sensors are sensitive down past 200nm in the ultraviolet.
Presumably glass lenses will cut off anything below 350nm, so to take full advantage of this we might consider using a pinhole instead of a glass lens. Luckily webcam lenses just unscrew. Please post here if you try this!
Jack Summers sez: According to these guys: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.09.001, you can detect CO2 at 193 nm... You would, however, need a specialized lamp to do absorbance measurements, and things like plastic and normal glass optics are not going to work at that wavelength.
ToF sez: Pyrex-Lenses should work, but between 200 and 150nm the O2 in the air is very absorbing.
Below comparative specta for Borosilicate glass (Pyrex, BK7...) plotted against regular Soda-Lime glass:
We see that regular glass lenses and optics would start curring off significantly below 350nm where Borosilicate glasses would start filtering below 335nm
UV light tests
Recent tests have shown that 360nm and higher is possible, by calibrating a spectrometer and then pointing it at an ultraviolet light. The spectrometer was near-IR capable (had been modified). These tests were based on this work from Feb 2012 and were done with glass optics still in place.
Lamp emission comparison
Spectra Metal Halide vs sunlight and Halogen lamps.
Spectra of Tungsten Halogen lamps (household halogen lamps)
Spectra of DLP projector UHP lamps vs Xenon lamps