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Spectrometer

07 Aug 21:23 139,983 views | Last edited by warren 25 days ago

ramanPi - The 3D Printable Raspberry Pi Raman Spectrometer

by flatCat | 3 days ago | 3 | 304 views | 3

What I want to do: Build a Raman Spectrometer based on a Raspberry Pi, make it 3D Printable and ...

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Clips for the next spectrometer, pt 2

by mathew | 3 days ago | 0 | 206 views | 1

What I want to do try out some clips I bought and figure how they fit in a new spectrometer desi...

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3D Printed CCD Spectrometer (WheeTrometer 3.0)

by bhickman | 5 days ago | 3 | 289 views | 6

What we want to do: We want to provide an open source and affordable CCD photodiode array spectr...

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L E A F F E S T

by cfastie | 6 days ago | 0 | 376 views | 1

Above: Group aerie at LEAFFEST 2012. WHAT: An annual meetup to refine Public Lab tools and bra...

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Clips for the next spectrometer

by mathew | 12 days ago | 4 | 275 views | 1

What I want to do find and test a clip that works with the bench design @warren and I brainstorm...

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Ultra micro cuvette tests, UV LED and low-temperature fluorescence

by warren | 13 days ago | 1 | 546 views | 0

What I want to do Just posting a variety of small tests I've done over the past few days, based ...

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Continued literature review for the Oil Testing Kit

by warren | 18 days ago | 4 | 270 views | 1

What I want to do I've been reading and annotating a collection of formal research papers on flu...

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Sample container search

by warren | 18 days ago | 10 | 211 views | 0

What I want to do The square glass bottles we've used for fluorescence spectroscopy are sold out...

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More research on "spectrometer" »


Title Last edited Edits Pageviews Likes
Oil Testing Kit 3 days ago by MollyDanielsson 66 3,766 4
Oil Testing Kit Literature 18 days ago by warren 2 117 1
Desktop Spectrometry Kit 21 days ago by warren 38 27,765 5
Spectral Workbench API 28 days ago by warren 29 5,857 2
Spectrometer construction about 1 month ago by warren 6 13,268 0
Spectrometry Sampling about 1 month ago by warren 21 5,990 1
Refinery Watching about 1 month ago by warren 17 4,320 3
Spectrometer History about 1 month ago by mathew 4 364 0
Oil Testing Kit Illustrations about 1 month ago by warren 3 215 0
Foldable Mini-Spectrometer about 1 month ago by warren 17 38,392 4
spectrometer-media 2 months ago by warren 2 2,238 0
How to make a homemade spectrophotometer 2 months ago by Haripriya 3 1,045 0
ottawa 2 months ago by Haripriya 1 294 1
Pesticide Detection Methods Development 4 months ago by silverhammer 25 5,009 6
Smartphone spectrometer 6 months ago by mathew 26 12,247 2
The Homebrew Sensing Project 6 months ago by warren 4 1,816 0
Spectrometer Curriculum 7 months ago by bicwood 25 6,224 3
Spectral Analysis Techniques 7 months ago by Markos 7 3,314 1
How Kickstarter backers will use the spectrometer 11 months ago by Becki 4 5,466 0
Countertop Spectrometer 11 months ago by warren 7 3,117 0
Spectrometry Meetups about 1 year ago by liz 3 1,725 1
Suggested Spectrometer Readings about 1 year ago by PeterDavidowicz 10 2,953 0
Spectral Challenge ideas about 1 year ago by philippg 18 3,421 3
Spectrometry health applications about 1 year ago by warren 10 3,181 1
Spectral Workbench exporting over 1 year ago by warren 6 3,067 0
DIYBIO Ideas and Applications over 1 year ago by briandegger 3 2,005 2
Spectral Challenge Teams over 1 year ago by warren 1 1,613 0
Spectral Challenge over 1 year ago by warren 30 5,409 1
Spectrometry FAQ over 1 year ago by warren 1 1,831 0
Spectrometer preorders almost 2 years ago by warren 1 1,311 0

USB Desktop Spectrometry Kit

Build one Buy one

Smartphone Spectrometer

Build one Buy one

Foldable Mini-Spectrometer

Build one Buy one


Public Lab's Do-It-Yourself spectrometers are designed to help everyday people detect pollutants where they live.

Our community has been working since the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill to develop a cheap, open source, Do-It-Yourself spectrometer which we hope to use to identify oil pollution in soil and water, as well as a range of other possible contaminants.

What's spectrometry?

Colored light is often a blend of different colors. A spectrometer is a device which splits those colors apart, like a prism, and measures the strength of each color. A typical output of a spectrometer looks like this spectrum of the daytime sky, with the actual light spectrum at the top and the graph of wavelength (horizontal axis) and intensity (vertical axis) below:

sky.png


Types of spectrometry

There are different ways to use spectrometers, and the key difference is how you illuminate your sample.

Fluorescence

This project focuses on fluorescence spectrometry in order to identify oil pollution samples, which is where a high-energy light like an ultraviolet laser is used to excite a sample so that it fluoresces, or glows.

fluorescence-spec-diagram.png

Since different oils fluoresce in different colors, this technique can be used to match an unknown sample with a reference sample to identify it.


Read more on the Oil Testing Kit page


IMG_20140722_230007_2.jpg

Emission

Emission spectroscopy is the kind often done in the classroom, where burning a material emits a colored flame. A spectrum of this colored flame can be used to match a material, but it can be unsafe to burn unknown samples, so we have primarily begun to use this technique to attempt to monitor distant flares, for example at gas refineries in Louisiana, to try to detect heavy metals.

[image of refinery watching]

Absorption

Absorption spectroscopy -- shining a full-spectrum light like a halogen or incandescent (not a fluorescent or laser) through a sample to see what colors are absorbed -- is a bit more difficult in the visible light range, as most of the "fingerprint" features of spectra are too long or too short wavelengths for our webcam-based devices. However, a considerable amount of work has been done on absorption spectrometry of:


Make a spectrometer

The Public Lab Spectrometer is a Do-it-Yourself device made from simple materials:

  • stiff black card paper
  • a clean DVD-R
  • a USB webcam (preferably HD)
  • a Type LB conduit body (basically a light-proof box with a couple holes)
  • double-sided foam tape and a box cutter/x-acto knife

The DVD's tightly packed grooves act as a diffraction grating -- like a prism.

Spectrometer construction »

The above link offers step-by-step instructions on making your own spectrometer. It features:

  • around 400-900 nanometer range, maybe wider (what you can see with the naked eye, plus some infrared)
  • 5-10 nm spectral resolution
  • 20-30 samples per second
  • ~ $15 in materials
  • < 1 hour construction time
  • open-source software

Though these specs look pretty good, they still need to be compared rigorously with a traditional laboratory spectrometer. Are you interested in trying it?


Screen_Shot_2014-07-24_at_3.44.28_PM.png

Software

Along with the physical devices, the Public Lab community has also developed Spectral Workbench, an website to capture data with your spectrometer, analyze and compare spectra, share them in an open database, and comment and collaborate with others.

The software includes:

  • direct connection to your USB-based or smartphone-based device
  • calibration, comparison, and matching tools
  • XML, JSON, and CSV data download
  • a JavaScript API
  • offline mode
  • read more in the documentation

FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions can be found here »

Challenges

This document, and this methodology, is still under active development. What you see on this page is only the best attempt so far at collating and presenting the work of Public Lab contributors to date. Some of the challenges that remain include:

Software

Along with the physical devices, the Public Lab community has also developed Spectral Workbench, an website to capture data with your spectrometer, analyze and compare spectra, share them in an open database, and comment and collaborate with others.


Other uses

While many of us have focused on identifying oil pollution with fluorescence spectrometry, there are many other uses for cheap, open source spectrometers, and many other ways to use a spectrometer.

Kickstarter

In 2012, Public Lab ran a Kickstarter project to distribute an early version of our DIY spectrometers to over 1600 people. The video is a bit out of date, but is still a compelling way to understand what we're attempting to do:


The Homebrew Sensing Project is made possible in part by the generous support of the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, Knight News Challenge: Health.

knight-logo


Tags: spectrometer list:plots-spectrometry tabbed:notes tabbed:wikis tool